O estilo de reminiscência nas interações mãe-criança e pai-criança

Ana Rebelo, Joana Maia, Ana Gatinho, Leandra Coelho, Nuno Torres, Manuela Veríssimo

Resumo


Nas últimas décadas, a investigação na área da reminiscência adulto-criança tem-se debruçado, essencialmente, sobre a forma como as mães conversam sobre eventos passados com os seus filhos. Contudo,mais recentemente, os investigadores têm procurado compreender a importância do pai no desenvolvimento da comunicação infantil. O presente estudo explora as diferenças do estilo de reminiscência nas díades mãe-criança e pai-criança, em função do sexo desta. Participaram 79 crianças portuguesas (40raparigas e 39 rapazes), com uma média de 56.93 meses de idade, e respectivas figuras parentais (mãe, n=75 e pai, n=57), 53 destas tinham dados com as díades mãe e pai. As díades participaram separadamente, numa tarefa de reminiscência sobre três eventos passados partilhados. Investigadores independentes transcreveram as conversas e cotaram o estilo de reminiscência dos pais, das mães e dacriança. Os resultados evidenciam que tanto os pais, como as mães não diferem grandemente na forma como falam do passado com as crianças, no entanto as mães utilizam um discurso mais repetitivo do que os pais. As crianças apresentam uma tendência para falar mais com os pais, do que com as mães, independentemente do sexo. Estes dados reforçam a importância do papel do pai como agente de socialização, desde os primeiros anos, promotor da comunicação da criança com o mundo exterior.


Palavras-chave


Memória autobiográfica, Reminiscência, Estilo de reminiscência, Figuras parentais, Sexo da criança.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1089

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