Cancro da mama vivido na relação mãe-filhos e na parentalidade

Rita Tavares, Paula Mena Matos

Resumo


O diagnóstico de Cancro da Mama (CM) desencadeia uma crise na doente[1] e no seu sistema familiar, levando a mudanças no seu modo de funcionamento. O presente estudo tem como objetivos analisar as mudanças percebidas, a curto e a longo prazo, na relação mãe-filhos e na parentalidade na sequência do diagnóstico de CM materno, bem como analisar de que forma “ser mãe” influenciou o modo como as pacientes lidaram com o CM. Foram entrevistadas 17 mulheres sobreviventes de CM com filhos dependentes no momento do diagnóstico através de uma entrevista semiestruturada. Os dados foram analisados segundo a Grounded Theory. Os resultados demonstraram que esta experiência desencadeia mudanças, temporárias e permanentes, nos padrões de funcionamento familiar. Perante as mudanças nos comportamentos dos filhos, as mães adotam novas estratégias para promover bem-estar nos descendentes. Após a família se conseguir descentrar da doença, as mulheres conseguem refletir sobre os contributos da vivência do CM na relação mãe-filhos. Clinicamente, estes resultados permitem conhecer as necessidades destas mães e apoiar a elaboração de programas de intervenção psicológica capazes de responder a essas necessidades, salientando a importância de uma intervenção sistémica e que potencie a expressão emocional.


[1] O recurso ao feminino deve-se ao facto de a incidência de CM nos homens ser mínima comparativamente com a taxa de incidência nas mulheres (American Cancer Society, 2015).


Palavras-chave


Cancro da mama, Relação mãe-filhos, Parentalidade, Modelo duplo ABCX

Texto Completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1223

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