Compreensão de textos: Diferenças em função da modalidade de apresentação da tarefa, tipo de texto e tipo de pergunta

Irene Cadime, Sandra Santos, Teresa Leal, Fernanda Leopoldina Viana, Bruna Rodrigues, Maria do Céu Cosme, Iolanda Ribeiro

Resumo


Na literatura têm sido discutidos diversos fatores que podem influenciar a dificuldade das tarefas de compreensão de textos e, consequentemente, o desempenho dos sujeitos na avaliação. O objetivo deste estudo é perceber se a dificuldade das tarefas de avaliação da compreensão de textos varia em função da modalidade da tarefa de avaliação (oral versus escrita), do tipo de texto (narrativo versus informativo) e do tipo de compreensão avaliado pelas perguntas apresentadas (literal versus inferencial). Avaliaram-se 300 alunos do quarto ano de escolaridade, administrando quatro testes de compreensão de textos: Teste de compreensão de textos na modalidade oral-narrativo, Teste de compreensão de textos na modalidade oral-informativo, Teste de compreensão de textos na modalidade de leitura-narrativo, Teste de compreensão de textos na modalidade de leitura-informativo. Os resultados mostraram a inexistência de diferenças estatisticamente significativas na média da dificuldade das perguntas de compreensão oral e de compreensão da leitura, entre a dificuldade média das perguntas relativas a texto narrativo e informativo e entre a média da dificuldade das perguntas de compreensão literal e inferencial. Não foram observados efeitos de interação. Discutem-se as implicações destes resultados para a avaliação e intervenção no domínio da compreensão de textos, tendo em conta algumas limitações deste estudo.

Palavras-chave


Compreensão da leitura, Compreensão oral, Texto narrativo e informativo, Compreensão literal, Compreensão inferencial.

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