Será a idade um moderador da relação entre depressão e funcionamento saudável em pacientes com cancro da mama e ginecológico?

Ana Bártolo, Sara Monteiro, Filipa Aires, Elizabeth Castelo Branco, Ana Catarina Pinho, Anabela Pereira

Resumo


Este estudo transversal objetivou explorar o efeito moderador da idade na relação entre o distress emocional e domínios da qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde. A amostra incluiu 106 mulheres, com diagnóstico de cancro da mama ou ginecológico em fase ativa, recrutadas no Serviço de Ginecologia do Instituto Português de Oncologia de Coimbra Francisco Gentil. Foram incluídos dois grupos: mulheres com menos de 50 anos de idade e mulheres com 50 anos ou mais. As participantes completaram um questionário sociodemográfico e medidas de auto-relato, nomeadamente a Escala de Ansiedade e Depressão Hospitalar (EADH) e as seis escalas funcionais do European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core-30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Os nossos resultados mostraram que o grupo de mulheres com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos reportou mais sintomas depressivos do que o grupo de pacientes mais jovem. Os sintomas depressivos reportados influenciaram o funcionamento saudável, definido por indicadores como o funcionamento físico, emocional e cognitivo, similarmente dentro dos dois grupos.

Palavras-chave


Idade, Funcionamento, Depressão, Cancro ginecológico, Cancro da mama.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1345

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