O impacto de programas de intervenção na revisão textual de estudantes do 4º ano de escolaridade

Ana Cristina Silva, Sandra Borges, Tiago Almeida, Sónia Quintão

Resumo


Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o impacto na escrita de textos narrativos, de um programa de escrita, em que os alunos têm acesso a instrumentos de autorregulação para a revisão dos textos. Participaram 71 crianças do 4º ano de escolaridade com práticas semelhantes ao nível do trabalho sobre o texto escrito na sala de aula, divididas em 3 grupos experimentais e 1 de controlo. Foram controladas as variáveis relativas ao nível cognitivo e ao desenvolvimento da linguagem lexical e sintática. Realizou-se no momento do pré e pós-intervenção um teste onde foi pedido às crianças que escrevessem uma mesma composição com base numa sequência de imagens. Entre os dois momentos realizaram-se 21 sessões de 60 minutos em grupo, distribuídas ao longo de 9 meses, nas quais as crianças dos grupos experimentais escreviam uma composição, sempre com base numa sequência de imagens e reviam a sua versão inicial. Nos grupos experimentais 1 e 2 proporcionou-se uma grelha com indicações sobre os principais elementos de uma estrutura narrativa, um com feedback e outro sem, com base na qual deveriam orientar a sua revisão. Às crianças do grupo experimental 3 foi-lhes pedido que revissem os textos sem recurso a qualquer tipo de instrumento e indicação específica. As crianças dos grupos de controlo despendiam o mesmo tempo em aulas de matemática e leitura. Os resultados apontam para uma evolução significativa em relação à qualidade dos textos narrativos produzidos entre o pré e o pós-intervenção em todos os grupos experimentais quando comparados ao grupo de controlo, embora não se registem diferenças significativas na evolução nos grupos experimentais.


Palavras-chave


Produção de narrativas, Revisão textual, Aprendizagem autorregulada.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1634

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