Qualidade do relacionamento entre irmãos e tratamento parental diferenciado numa amostra de adolescentes portugueses

Inês Carvalho Relva, Madalena Alarcão, Otília Monteiro Fernandes, Sandra Graham-Bermann

Resumo


Os irmãos são extremamente importantes na vida do adolescente. Com este estudo tivemos por objetivo explorar de que modo estão relacionados a vinculação entre irmãos, o tratamento parental diferenciado e o uso de táticas resolução de conflito no relacionamento entre irmãos. Numa amostra de 192 adolescentes portugueses, 64.6% do sexo feminino, com idades compreendidas entre os 11 e os 16 anos, aplicou-se o Inventário de Vinculação na Adolescência (versão irmãos), as Escalas de Táticas do Conflito Revisadas (versão irmãos) e o Inventário de Experiências Diferenciadas entre Irmãos. Os resultados mostram que um tratamento parental igualitário está associado à maneira positiva de resolver os conflitos entre irmãos; o sexo masculino relatou maior distanciamento entre irmãos do que o sexo feminino, e uma relação negativa entre irmãos parece influenciar a ocorrência de violência entre estes. Este estudo enfatiza a importância de pais e profissionais de saúde promoverem precocemente a proximidade entre irmãos.

Palavras-chave


Tratamento diferenciado, Pais, Irmãos, Vinculação, CTS2-SP.

Texto Completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1980). Attachment and child abuse. In G. Gerbner, C. J. Ross, & E. Zigler (Eds.), Child abuse: An agenda for action (pp. 35-47). New York: Oxford University Press.

Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16, 427-54. doi: 10.1007/BF02202939

Bank, S. P., & Kahn, M. D. (1997). The sibling bond (15th anniversary ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Bordin, I. A. S., Paula, C. S., Nascimento, R., & Duarte, C. S. (2006). Severe physical punishment and mental health problems in an economically disadvantaged population of children and adolescents. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 28, 290-296. doi: 10.1590/S1516-44462006000400008

Brody, G. H., Stoneman, Z., & Mccoy, J. K. (1992). Associations of maternal and paternal direct and differential behavior with sibling relationships: Contemporaneous and longitudinal analyses. Child Development, 63, 82-92.

Buhrmester, D. (1992). The developmental courses of sibling and peer relationships. In F. Boer & J. Dunn (Eds.), Children’s sibling relationships: Developmental and clinical issues (pp. 19-40). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Buist, K., Deković, M., Meeus, W., & Aken, A. (2002). Development patterns adolescent attachment to mother, father and sibling. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 31, 167-176. doi: 10.1023/A:1015074701280

Buist, K., Deković, M., Meeus, W., & Aken, M. (2004). Attachment in adolescence: A social relations model analysis. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19, 826-850. doi: 10.1177/0743558403260109

Brumbaugh, C. C. (2017). Transferring connection: Friend and sibling attachment’s importance in the lives of singles. Personal Relationships, 24, 534-549. doi: 10.1111/pere.12195

Caffaro, J. V., & Conn-Caffaro, A. (2005). Treating sibling abuse families. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 604-623. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2004.12.001

Caspi, J. (2012). Sibling aggression: Assessment and treatment. New York: Springer.

Cassidy, J. (2008). The nature of the child’s ties. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Publications.

Cicirelli, V. C. (1995). Sibling relationships across the life span. New York: Plenum Press.

Criss, M. M., & Shaw, D. S. (2005). Sibling relationships as contexts for sibling training in low-income families. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 592-600. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.19.4.592

Cummings, E., & Smith, D. (1993). The impact of anger between adults on siblings’ emotions and social behavior. Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 34, 1425-1433.

Daniels, D., & Plomin, R. (1985). Differential experience of siblings in the same family. Developmental Psychology, 21, 747-760.

Daniels, D., Dunn, J., Furstenberg, F. F. Jr., & Plomin, R. (1985). Environmental differences within the family adjustment differences within pairs of adolescent siblings. Child Development, 56, 764-774.

Fernandes, O. M., & Relva, I. C. (2013). Questionário sociobiográfico – QSB (manuscrito não publicado). Vila Real: Departamento de Educação e Psicologia da Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal.

Fernandes, O. M., Relva, I., Rocha, M., & Alarcão, M. (2016). Estudo da validade de construto das Revised Conflict Tactics Scales – Versão Irmãos. Motricidade, 12, 69-82. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.6182

Furman, W., & Burhmester, D. (1985). Children’s perceptions of qualities of siblings relationships. Child Development, 56, 448-461. doi: 10.2307/1129733

Geraldes, R., Soares, I., & Martins, C. (2013). Vinculação no contexto familiar: Relações entre os cônjuges, entre pais e filhos adolescentes e entre irmãos. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 26, 799-808. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722013000400021

Graham-Bermann, S. (1991). Siblings in dyads: Relationships among perceptions and behavior. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 152, 207-216. doi: 10.1080/00221325.1991.9914667

Hines, D., & Malley-Morrison, K. (2005). Family violence in the United States: Defining, understanding and combating abuse. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Hidman, J. M., Riggs, S. A., & Hook, J. R. (2013). A contribution of executive, parent-child, and sibling subsystems to children’s psychological functioning. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2, 294-308. doi: 10.1037/a0034419

Howes, C. (1999). Attachment relationships in the context of multiple caregivers. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 671-687). New York: Guilford Press.

Johnson, R., Duncan, D., Rothman, E., Gilreath, T., Hemenway, D., Molnar, B., & Azrael, D. (2015). Fighting with siblings and with peers among urban high school students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30, 2221-2237. doi: 10.1177/0886260514552440

Kowal, A., Kramer, L., Krull, J., & Crick, N. (2002). Children’s perceptions of fairness of parental preferential treatment and their socioemotional well-being. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 297-306. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.16.3.297

Lopes, P., Relva, I. C., & Fernandes, O. M. (2017). Psychopathology and sibling violence in a sample of Portuguese adolescents. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 12, 11-21. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-017-0194-4

Mackey, A. M., Fromuth, M. E., & Kelly, D. B. (2010). The association of sibling relationship and abuse with later psychological adjustment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 25, 955-968. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.25.1.36

Meunier, J., Roskam, I., Stievenart, M., Moortele, G., Browne, D., & Wade, M. (2012). Parental differential treatment, child’s externalizing behavior and siblings relationships: Bridging links with child’s perception of favoritism and personality, and parent’s self-efficacy. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29, 612-638. doi: 10.1177/0265407512443419

Mota, C. P., & Matos, P. (2013). Peer attachment, coping and self-esteem in institutionalized adolescents: The mediating role of social skills. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28, 87-100. doi: 10.1007/s10212012-0103-z

Neves, L., Soares, I., & Silva, M. C. (1999). Inventário da vinculação na adolescência – IPPA. In M. R. Simões, M. Gonçalves, & L. S. Almeida (Eds.), Testes e provas psicológicas em Portugal (Vol. 2). Braga: APPORT/SHO.

Noel, V., Francis, S., & Tilley, M. (2018). An adapted measure of sibling attachment: Factor structure and internal consistency of the Sibling Attachment Inventory in Youth. Child Psychiatry Human Development, 49, 217-224. doi: 10.1007/s10578-017-0742-z

Noller, P. (2005). Sibling relationships in adolescence: Learning and growing together. Personal Relationships, 12, 1-22.

Papalia, D. E., Olds, S. W., & Feldman, R. D. (2001). O mundo da criança (8ª ed.). Lisboa: McGraw-Hill.

Relva, I. C., Fernandes, O. M., Alarcão, M., & Martins, A. (2014). Estudo exploratório da violência entre irmãos em Portugal. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 27, 398-408. doi: 10.1590/1678-7153.201427221

Relva, I. C., Fernandes, O. M., & Costa, R. (2013). Psychometric Properties of Revised Conflict Tactics Scales: Portuguese Sibling Version (CTS2-SP). Journal of Family Violence, 28, 577-585. doi: 10.1007/s10896-013-9530-08

Rinaldi, C., & Howe, N. (1998). Siblings reports of conflict and the quality of their relationships. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 44, 404-422.

Rittenour, C., Myers, S., & Brann, M. (2007). Commitment and emotional closeness in the sibling relationship. Southern Communication Journal, 72, 169-183.

Roscoe, B., Goodwin, M. P., & Kennedy, D. (1987). Sibling violence and agonistic interactions experienced by early adolescents. Journal of Family Violence, 2, 121-137.

Sholte, S., Engels, R., Kemp, R., Harakeh, Z., & Overbeek, G. (2007). Differential parental treatment, sibling relationships and delinquency in adolescence. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 36, 661-671. doi: 10.1007/s10964-006-9155-1

Soysal, F. (2016). A study on sibling relationships, life satisfaction and loneliness level of adolescents. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(4), 58-67.

Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Finkelhor, D., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1995). Conflict Tactics Scales form: CTS2-SP. In M. Straus (Ed.), Handbook of Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS): Including revised versions of CTS2 and CTS2 PC (pp. 61-64). Durham, NH: Family Research Laboratory, University of New Hampshire.

Teven, J. J., Martinn, M. M., & Neupauer, N. C. (1998). Sibling relationships: Verbally aggressive message and their effect on relational satisfaction. Communication Reports, 11, 179-186.

Tibbetts, G., & Scharfe, E. (2015). Oh, brother (or sister)!: An examination of sibling attachment, conflict, and cooperation en emerging adulthood. Journal of Relationships Research, 6(8), 1-11. doi: 10.1017/jrr.2015.4

Toman, W. (1993). Family constellation: Its effects on personality and social behavior. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Trinke, S. J., & Bartholomew, K. (1997). Hierarchies of attachment relationships in young adulthood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 14, 603-625.

Tucker, C. J., Finkelhor, D. F., Turner, H., & Shattuck, A. (2013). Association of sibling aggression with child and adolescent mental health. Pediatrics, 132, 79-84. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-3801

Whipple, E., & Finton, S. (1995). Psychological maltreatment by siblings: An unrecognized form of abuse. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 12, 135-146. doi: 10.1007/BF01876209

Whiteman, S., McHale, S., & Soli, A. (2011). Theoretical perspectives on sibling relationships. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 3, 124-139. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-2589.2011.00087.x

Wiehe, V. R. (1997). Sibling abuse: Hidden physical, emotional, and sexual trauma (2nd ed.). California: Sage Publications.

Wolf, L., Fisman, S., Ellison, D., & Freeman, T. (1998). Effect of sibling perception of differential parental treatment in sibling dyads with one disabled child. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1317-1325. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199812000-00016




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1645

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Nº ERC: 107494 | ISSN (in print): 0870-8231 | ISSN (online): 1646-6020 | Copyright © ISPA - CRL, 2012 | Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, 1149-041 Lisboa | NIF: 501313672 | O portal e metadados estão licenciados sob a licença Creative Commons CC BY-NC