Felicidade Hedónica e Eudaimónica: um estudo com adolescentes portugueses

Teresa Freire, Filipa Zenhas, Dionísia Tavares, Catarina Iglésias

Resumo


O presente estudo pretendeu explorar as conceções de felicidade de adolescentes portugueses, os aspetos mais significativos das suas vidas e os fatores que os justificam; perceber os níveis de significado em vários domínios de vida e o impacto destes na felicidade e significado em geral.

Foi utilizado o Eudaimonic and Hedonic Happiness Investigation (EHHI; Delle Fave, Brdar, Freire, Vella-Brodrick, & Wissing, 2011) que permite aceder, qualitativa e quantitativamente, aos compo - nentes hedónicos e eudaimónicos da Felicidade. Participaram no estudo 216 adolescentes, com média de idade de 16.6 anos (DP=1.2), sendo 68,5% do sexo feminino e 31,5% do sexo masculino.

Os resultados qualitativos mostraram que as definições de felicidade, de significado, bem como os motivos subjacentes à atribuição de significado englobam quer dimensões psicológicas quer aspetos relacionados com domínios de vida, integrando componentes hedónicos e eudaimónicos. Já os resultados quantitativos permitiram perceber que a felicidade e o significado contribuem de forma diferenciada mas complementar para o bem-estar.

Estes resultados são discutidos à luz das perspetivas hedónica e eudaimónica, vigentes no estudo do bem-estar, contribuindo para uma compreensão holística dos vários componentes que contribuem e que estão envolvidos na Felicidade de adolescentes.


Palavras-chave


Felicidade, Significado, Adolescência, Hedonia, Eudaimonia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.595

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