Funcionamento familiar e delinquência juvenil: A mediação do autocontrolo

Hugo Miguel dos Santos Gomes, Maria Gouveia-Pereira

Resumo


De acordo com a Teoria Geral do Crime as práticas parentais ineficazes são a principal causa do baixo autocontrolo que, por sua vez, o autocontrolo será o principal responsável pelo desenvolvimento de comportamentos delinquentes. No presente estudo temos como objetivo analisar empiricamente estas afirmações, ou seja, verificar a influência do funcionamento familiar no autocontrolo e seguidamente analisar se o autocontrolo é mediador na relação entre o funcionamento familiar e a delinquência juvenil. Neste estudo participaram 181 adolescentes, com idades compreendidas entre os 12 e os 19 anos de idade e a frequentar escolas da área da Grande Lisboa. Os instrumentos utilizados foram os seguintes: escala de coesão e flexibilidade familiar (FACES IV), escala de autocontrolo e escala de variedade de delinquência. Os resultados demonstraram uma relação positiva entre o funcionamento familiar e o autocontrolo e uma relação negativa entre o autocontrolo e os comportamentos de delinquência. Por sua vez, o autocontrolo mediou totalmente a relação entre o funcionamento familiar e a delinquência dos jovens. As implicações deste estudo são discutidas.

Palavras-chave


COESÃO FAMILIAR; FLEXIBILIDADE FAMILIAR; AUTOCONTROLO; DELINQUÊNCIA JUVENIL

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.958

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