Pais e Internet: Que tipo de utilização?

Sandra R. Santos, Nuno Gago, Arminda Suárez Perdomo, María José Rodrigo

Resumo


Este estudo pretende examinar a eficiência com que pais e mães portugueses utilizam os recursos disponíveis na Internet como apoio na educação dos seus filhos. Participaram nesta investigação um total de 282 pais, através da resposta a um questionário online. Os resultados encontrados demonstram diferenças entre grupos socioeconómicos no acesso à Internet, bem como diferenças na proficiência parental em função da idade e níveis socioeconómico e educativo. São as mães mais jovens, de níveis socioeconómicos e educativos mais altos e com filhos mais pequenos as maiores utilizadoras e proficientes na Internet para a procura de informação educativa. Os resultados deste estudo permitem compreender os hábitos de utilização e avaliação dos pais, dando pistas para desenvolver novos estudos e recursos online. Estes resultados podem ainda ajudar a refletir sobre a forma de contornar as dificuldades de acesso à informação e de avaliação da mesma, nomeadamente nas camadas socioeconómicas mais baixas.


Palavras-chave


Proficiência, Parentalidade, Educação, Digital use divide, Digital skill divide.

Texto Completo:

PDF

Referências


Baker, J. F., Devitt, B. M., Lynch, S., Green, C. J., Byrne, D. P., & Kiely, P. J. (2012). Internet use by parents of children attending a dedicated scoliosis outpatient clinic. European Spine Journal, 21, 1972-1977. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-012-2429-2

Barroso, R., & Machado, C. (2010). Definições, dimensões e determinantes da parentalidade. Psychologica, 52, 211-229. Recuperado de http://iduc.uc.pt/index.php/psychologica/article/viewFile/996/445

Bouche, G., & Migeot, V. (2008). Parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for their child: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 8, 300. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-300

Burrows, R., Nettleton, S., Pleace, N., Loader, B., & Muncer, S. (2000). Virtual community care? Social policy and the emergence of computer mediated social support. Information, Communication & Society, 3, 95-121. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/136911800359446

Carter, B. (2007). Parenting: A glut of information. Journal of Child Health Care, 11, 82-84. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1367493507079621

Castells, M. (1997). The power of identity – The information age: Economy, society and culture. London: Blackwell Publishers Ltd. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/2215687/The_power_of_identity_The_information_age_Economy_society_and_culture

Council of Europe. (2007). Parenting in contemporary Europe: A positive approach. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Retrieved from https://books.google.pt/books?id=JROG3RcY8fkC&printsec=frontcover&hl=pt-PT#v=onepage&q&f=false

Correia, C. (2009). Redes sociais da família multiproblemática ou família multidesafios. Dissertação de Mestrado não publicada, Instituto Superior Miguel Torga, Coimbra. Recuperado de http://repositorio.ismt.pt/handle/123456789/226

Cotten, S., & Gupta, S. (2004). Characteristics of online and offline health information seekers and factors that discriminate between them. Social Science & Medicine, 59, 1795-1806. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.02.020

Council of Europe. (2009). Family policy in Council of Europe member states – Two expert reports commissioned by the Committee of Experts on Social Policy for Families and Children. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Retrieved from https://www.coe.int/t/dc/files/ministerial_conferences/2009_family_affairs/Family_Policy_Reports_en.pdf

Coutinho, I. C. M., Seabra-Santos, M. J., & Gaspar, M. F. F. (2012). Educação parental com famílias maltratantes: Que potencialidades?. Análise Psicológica, XXX, 405-420. Recuperado de http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0870-82312012000300004&lng=pt&tlng=pt

Davis-Kean, P. (2005). The influence of parent education and family income on child achievement: The indirect role of parental expectations and the home environment. Journal of Family Psychology, 19, 294-304. Retrieved from http://repositorio.ismt.pt/handle/123456789/226

Dearing, E., McCartney, K., & Taylor, B. (2001). Change in family income-to-needs matters more for children with less. Child Development, 72, 1779-1793. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00378

Dhillon, A., Albersheim, S., Alsaad, S., Pargass, N., & Zupancic, J. (2003). Internet use and perceptions of information reliability by parents in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Perinatology, 23, 420-424. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7210945

Doty, J., Dworkin, J., & Connell, J. (2012). Examining digital differences: Parents’ online activities. Family Science Review, 17, 18-39. Retrieved from https://familyscienceassociation.org/sites/default/files/2-%20Doty_Dworkin_Connell.pdf

Drentea, P., & Moren‐Cross, J. L. (2005). Social capital and social support on the web: The case of an Internet mother site. Sociology of health & illness, 27, 920-943. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2005.00464.x

Dubowitz, H., Black, M., Cox, C., Kerr, M., Litrownik, A., Radhakrishna, A., . . . Runyan, D. (2001). Father involvement and children’s functioning at age 6 years: A multisite study. Child Maltreatment, 6, 300-309. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1077559501006004003

Dworkin, J., Connell, J., & Doty, J. (2013). A literature review of parents’ online behavior. Cyberpsychology. Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 7, 1-10. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/CP2013-2-2

Eurobarometer. (2008). Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU – A parent’s perspective. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/flash/fl_248_en.pdf

Haberman, S. J. (1973). The analysis of residuals in cross-classified tables. Biometrics, 9, 205-220.

Hand, F., Mc Dowell, D. T., Glynn, R. W., Rowley, H., & Mortell, A. (2013). Patterns of Internet use by parents of children attending a pediatric surgical service. Pediatric Surgery International, 29, 729-733. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-013-3317-5

Hargittai, E. (2002). Second-level digital divide: Differences in people’s online skills. First Monday, 7. Retrieved from http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/942/864

Hargittai, E. (2010). Digital na(t)ives? Variation in Internet skills and uses among members of the “net generation”. Sociological Inquiry, 80, 92-113. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682X.2009.00317.x

Hellwig, O., & Lloyd, R. (2000). Sociodemographic barriers to utilisation and participation in telecommunications services and their regional distribution: A quantitative analysis. Australia: National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling, University of Canberra.

LaCoursiere, S. (2001). A theory of online social support. Advances in Nursing Science, 24, 60-77.

Leonard, H., Slack-Smith, L., Phillips, T., Richardson, S., D’Orsogna, L., & Mulroy, S. (2013). How can the Internet help parents of children with rare neurologic disorders?. Journal of Child Neurology, 19, 902-907. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177%2F08830738040190110901

Linebarger, D., & Chernin, A. (2003). Young children, parents, computers and the Internet. IT & Society, 1, 87-106. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/995c/2c8aa35c057f0443c6a17448657bd90d85a3.pdf

Livingstone, S., & Bober, M. (2004). UK children go online: Surveying the experiences of young people and their parents. London: LSE Research Online. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/395/1/UKCGOsurveyreport.pdf

Madge, C., & O’Connor, H. (2006). Parenting gone wired: Empowerment of new mothers on the internet?. Social & Cultural Geography, 7, 199-220. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/14649360600600528

Minuchin, S. (1990). Famílias: Funcionamento & tratamento. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas.

Mondin, E. M. (2008). Práticas educativas parentais e seus efeitos na criação dos filhos. Psicologia Argumento, 26(54), 233-244. Recuperado de http://132.248.9.34/hevila/Psicologiaargumento/2008/vol26/no54/6.pdf

Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. (2001). Parental and early childhood predictors of persistent physical aggression in boys from kindergarten to high school. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 389-394. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7970/161dca453c20a495c93a8e93925bb1df3f9f.pdf

Nieuwboer, C., Fukkink, R., & Hermanns, J. (2013a). Online programs as tools to improve parenting: A meta-analytic review. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 1823-1829. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1016/j.childyouth.2013.08.008

Nieuwboer, C., Fukkink, R., & Hermanns, J. (2013b). Peer and professional parenting support on the internet: A systematic review. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 518-528. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0547

O’Connor, H., & Madge, C. (2004). “My mum’s thirty years out of date”: The role of the Internet in the transition to motherhood. Community, Work & Family, 7, 351-369. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/1366880042000295754

Patias, N., Siqueira, A., & Dias, A. (2013). Práticas educativas e intervenção com pai: A educação como proteção ao desenvolvimento dos filhos. Mudanças – Psicologia da Saúde, 21, 29-40. Recuperado de http://dx.doi.org/10.15603/2176-1019/mud.v21n1p29-40

Papadakis, M. (2001). The application and implications of information technologies in the home: Where are the data and what do they say?. Arlington, USA: National Science Foundation.

Plantin, L., & Daneback, K. (2009). Parenthood, information and support on Internet. A literature review of research on parents and professional online. BCM Family Practice, 10, 1-12. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1186%2F1471-2296-10-34

Rice, R. (2002). Primary issues in Internet use: Access, civic and community involvement, and social interaction and expression. In L. Lievrouw & S. Livingstone (Eds.), The handbook of the new media. The social shaping and consequences of ICTs (pp. 105-129). London: Sage.

Rothbaum, F., Martland, N., & Jannsen, J. B. (2008). Parents’ reliance on the Web to find information about children and families: Socio-economic differences in use, skills and satisfaction. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29, 118-128. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1016/j.appdev.2007.12.002

Sarkadi, A., & Bremberg, S. (2005). Socially unbiased parenting support on the Internet: A cross-sectional study of users of a large Swedish parenting website. Child: Care, Health and Development, 31, 43-52. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2005.00475.x

Salvador, A., & Weber, L. (2005). Práticas educativas parentais: Um estudo comparativo da interação familiar de dois adolescentes distintos. Interação em Psicologia, 9, 341-353. Recuperado de https://revistas.ufpr.br/psicologia/article/viewFile/4782/3669

Tuffrey, C., & Finlay, F. (2002). Use of Internet by parents of paediatric outpatient. Arch Dis Child, 87, 534-536. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.1136%2Fadc.87.6.534

Van Deursen, A., & Van Dijk, J. (2011). Internet skills and the digital divide. New Media & Society, 13, 893-911. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1461444810386774

Weber, L., Brandenburg, O., & Viezzer, A. (2003). A relação entre o estilo parental e o otimismo da criança. Psico-USF, 8, 71-79.

Weber, L., Prado, P., Viezzer, A., & Brandenburg, O. (2004). Identificação de estilos parentais: O ponto de vista dos pais e dos filhos. Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 17, 323-331. Recuperado de http://www.scielo.br/pdf/prc/v17n3/a05v17n3.pdf

Zhao, S. (2009). Parental education and children’s online health information seeking: Beyond the digital divide debate. Social Science & Medicine, 69, 1501-1505.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1329

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


ISSN (in print): 0870-8231 | ISSN (online): 1646-6020 | Copyright © ISPA - Instituto Universitário, 2012 | O portal e metadados estão licenciados sob a licença Creative Commons 'CC BY-NC '