Sentimento psicológico de comunidade: Estudo da escala SCI-2 num contexto associativo

Olga Oliveira Cunha, José Ornelas, Maria João Vargas Moniz

Resumo


O Sentimento de Comunidade é um dos conceitos fundamentais da Psicologia Comunitária. Seymour Sarason, em 1974, define-o como a perceção de pertença, interdependência e compromisso mútuo que liga os indivíduos de uma comunidade. No modelo proposto por McMillan e Chavis (1986) identificam-se quatro dimensões: estatuto de membro, integração e satisfação de necessidades, influência e relações emocionais partilhadas.

A investigação tem procurado desenvolver medidas adequadas para o sentimento psicológico de comunidade pelo que no presente artigo é objetivo dos autores apresentar uma tradução e adaptação cultural da SCI-2 desenvolvida por Chavis, Lee e Acosta (2008) para um contexto associativo centrada nos seus membros voluntários (n=811).

Através da análise fatorial confirmatória, verificámos que a escala evidencia um constructo multidimensional constituído pelos quatro fatores do modelo referido tendo apenas sido eliminados 2 dos 24 itens da escala original sendo que se discute a sua pertinência face ao original.

O modelo resultante permite analisar e discutir o sentimento de comunidade no contexto estudado.


Palavras-chave


Sentimento psicológico de comunidade, Escutismo, SCI-2, Estudo.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1362

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