Decision-making in the system of protection of children and young people: A study comparing the attitudes of professionals and students

Paulo Delgado, João M.S. Carvalho, Vânia S. Pinto

Abstract


This study has as main objective to analyse the attitudes of 200 students of higher education and 200 professionals, responsible for case supervision and recommendations for intervention, in areas related to decision-making processes in the child and young people protection system, in matters such as foster care and residential care. The study adopts a quantitative strategy and data were collected in 2014 in the main regions of the country (Braga, Porto, Coimbra, Lisbon and Faro), with the application of the questionnaire “Child Welfare Attitudes Questionnaire” (Davidson-Arad & Benbenishty, 2008, 2010). The results show that both participants, professionals and students, can be divided into two groups, one more and other less favourable to removal. In comparison, professionals are less favourable to child’s removal and advocate reunification more than the students. There are no statistically significant differences between the participants regarding the role of foster and residential care, as well as the participation of the child in the decision-making process. However, professionals are more supportive of parental involvement in decision-making than students. Finally, there are some implications for practice.

Keywords


Children and young people protection system, Risk assessment, Decision-making process, Foster care, Residential care.

References


Bowlby, J. (1944). Forty-four juvenile thieves: Their characters and home life. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 25, 19-52.

Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. New York: Schocken.

Cairns, K. (2002). Attachment, trauma and resilience: Therapeutic caring for children. London: BAAF.

Committee on the Rights of the Child. (2014). Third and fourth periodic reports of Portugal. New York: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).

Davidson-Arad, B., & Benbenishty, R. (2008). The role of workers’ attitudes and parent and child wishes in child protection workers’ assessments and recommendation regarding removal and reunification. Children and Youth Services Review, 30, 107-121.

Davidson-Arad, B., & Benbenishty, R. (2010). Contribution of child protection workers’ attitudes to their risk assessments and intervention recommendations: A study in Israel. Health and Social Care in the Community, 18, 1-9.

Davidson-Arad, B., & Benbenishty, R. (2016). Child welfare attitudes, risk assessments and intervention recommendations: The role of professional expertise. The British Journal of Social Work, 46, 186-203.

Del Valle, J., & Bravo, A. (2013). Current trends, figures and challenges in out of home child are: An international comparative analysis. Psychosocial Intervention, 22, 251-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/in2013a28

Delgado, P. (2015). Em busca do tempo perdido: O acolhimento familiar em Portugal. In O. Fernandes & C. Maia (Coords.), A família portuguesa no século XXI (pp. 101-110). Lisboa: Parsifal.

Delgado, P. (Coord.), Bertão, A., Timóteo, I., Carvalho, J., Sampaio, R., Sousa, A., . . . Vieira, I. (2013). Acolhimento familiar de crianças. Evidências do presente, desafios para o futuro. Porto: Livpsic.

Eurochild. (2010). Children in alternative care – National surveys. Bruxelas: Eurochild.

Gersão, E. (2014). A criança, a família e o direito. Lisboa: Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos.

Gilbert, N., Parton, N., & Skivenes, M. (2011). Child protection systems. New York: Oxford University Press.

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P. (2011). CASA – Relatório de caracterização anual da situação de acolhimento das crianças e jovens. Lisboa: Instituto da Segurança Social.

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P. (2012). CASA – Relatório de caracterização anual da situação de acolhimento das crianças e jovens. Lisboa: Instituto da Segurança Social.

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P. (2013). CASA – Relatório de caracterização anual da situação de acolhimento das crianças e jovens. Lisboa: Instituto da Segurança Social.

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P. (2016). CASA – Relatório de caracterização anual da situação de acolhimento das crianças e jovens. Lisboa: Instituto da Segurança Social.

Instituto da Segurança Social, I.P. (2017). CASA – Relatório de caracterização anual da situação de acolhimento das crianças e jovens. Lisboa: Instituto da Segurança Social.

Jornal Oficial da União Europeia. (2007). Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais da União Europeia (2007/C303/01 de 14 de Dezembro de 2007). Luxemburgo: Serviço das Publicações da União Europeia.

Martins, P. (2006). A qualidade dos serviços de protecção às crianças e jovens – As respostas institucionais. Revista Infância e Juventude, 3, 103-114.

Martins, C., Belsky, J., Marques, S., Baptista, J., Silva, J., Mesquita, A., . . . Soares, I. (2013). Diverse physical growth trajectories in institutionalized Portuguese children below Age 3: Relation to child, family, and institutional factors. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 1-11. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jss129

Neil, E., Cossar, J., Lorgelly, P., & Young, J. (2010). Helping birth families. Services, costs and outcomes. London: BAAF.

Oliveira, P., Fearon, R., Belsky, J., Fachada, I., & Soares, I. (2014). Quality of institutional care and early childhood development. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 1-10. doi: 10.1177/0165025414552302

Pereirinha, J. (2005). Política social. Fundamentos da actuação das políticas públicas. Lisboa: Universidade Aberta.

Palacios, J. (2015). Cada criança, uma família – Almas infantis em movimento. In P. Delgado (Coord.), Acolhimento familiar de crianças. Pelo direito de crescer numa família (pp. 19-21). Lousado: Mundos de Vida.

Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsmann, L. S. (1991). Criteria for scale selection and evaluation. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver, & L. S. Wrightsmann (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychology attitudes (pp. 1-16). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Rodrigues, S., Barbosa-Ducharne, M., & Del Valle, J. (2013). The quality of residential child care in Portugal and the example of its development in Spain. Papeles del Psicólogo, 34, 11-22.

Rodrigues, S., Barbosa-Ducharne, M., & Del Valle, J. (2014). Differences and similarities in children’s and caregiver’s perspectives on the quality of residential care in Portugal. International Journal of Child and Family Welfare, 15, 24-37.

Rutter, M. (1991). A fresh look at “maternal deprivation”. In P. Bateson (Ed.), The development and integration of behaviour: Essays in honor of Robert Hinde (pp. 331-374). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rutter, M. (1995). Clinical implications of attachment concepts: Retrospect and prospect. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 549-571. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb02314.x

Schofield, G., & Beek, M. (2006). Attachment handbook for foster care and adoption. London: BAAF.

United Nations. (1989). Convention on the rights of the child. New York: United Nations.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1432

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Nº ERC: 107494 | ISSN (in print): 0870-8231 | ISSN (online): 1646-6020 | Copyright © ISPA - CRL, 2012 | Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, 1149-041 Lisboa | NIF: 501313672 | O portal e metadados estão licenciados sob a licença Creative Commons CC BY-NC