Alterações da personalidade na demência: Uma revisão

Joana Henriques-Calado, Maria Eugénia Duarte-Silva

Resumo


Objetivou-se analisar estudos empíricos sobre as alterações da personalidade na Demência, através da avaliação dos traços baseada no Modelo dos Cinco Fatores da Personalidade. Procedeu-se a revisão da literatura indexada nas bases de dados EBSCO/Web of Knowledge/Medline/Pubmed/SciELO/Scopus. Foram incluídas 57 referências. As alterações da personalidade são evidentes nas fases iniciais da Demência e podem ser um marcador clínico precoce. Um dado parece ser transversal e geralmente unânime na literatura, evidencia-se um aumento na dimensão Neuroticismo e um decréscimo na dimensão Conscienciosidade. Sugere-se a necessidade de exploração sistemática, para que seja introduzida uma avaliação da personalidade, no diagnóstico de Demência de Alzheimer, de forma a aumentar a sensibilidade do diagnóstico precoce e com utilidade prática ao nível do diagnóstico clínico.


Palavras-chave


Demência, Personalidade, Psicologia clínica, Revisão.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1472

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