Caregiving Helplessness Questionnaire (CHQ) aplicado a mães portuguesas de crianças em idade pré-escolar: Um estudo psicométrico

Carolina Toscano, Joana Baptista, Ana Mesquita, Carol George, Isabel Soares

Resumo


O sistema de vinculação da criança é complementado por um sistema, separado e recíproco, de prestação de cuidados parentais, que guia as respostas de proteção do cuidador em relação à criança. Disrupções neste último sistema poderão conduzir a uma prestação de cuidados desorganizada; no entanto, o conhecimento acerca da desorganização da prestação de cuidados permanece incompleta, estando o seu estudo limitado a metodologias dispendiosas. O presente estudo pretendeu analisar as qualidades psicométricas do Caregiving Helplessness Questionnaire (CHQ), uma ferramenta de screening para a desorganização da prestação de cuidados, numa amostra de 200 mães portuguesas de crianças em idade pré-escolar. A análise factorial confirmatória não confirmou a estrutura da versão original do CHQ. Uma solução de cinco fatores verificou-se como sendo a melhor, produzindo cinco escalas conceptualmente correspondentes às principais dimensões da desorganização das relações em idade pré-escolar: Mother Helpless, Mother Frightened, Child Frightened, Child Cheers Mothers e Child Caregiving. O estudo da consistência interna obteve resultados satisfatórios e a validade convergente e discriminante foi confirmada. A validade concorrente também foi estabelecida através de associações significativas entre as escalas do CHQ e variáveis dos domínios materno e da criança que têm sido conceptual e empiricamente associadas com a desorganização. Em conclusão, os resultados suportam a validade do CHQ para mães portuguesas de crianças pré-escolares, como um instrumento de screening promissor desorganização da prestação de cuidados.

Palavras-chave


Caregiving Helplessness Questionnaire (CHQ), Validação, Sistema de prestação de cuidados, Desorganização da prestação de cuidados, Desamparo na prestação de cuidados.

Texto Completo:

PDF (English)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1544

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