Solidão e sintomatologia depressiva na velhice

Letícia Raquel Faísca, Rosa Marina Afonso, Henrique Pereira, Maria Assunção Vaz Patto

Resumo


A solidão e a depressão encontram-se relacionadas com o bem-estar psicológico na velhice. Contudo, esta relação não é clara dada a complexidade destas dimensões, nomeadamente da solidão. Este estudo pretende avaliar estas duas dimensões e discutir a sua relação em pessoas idosas, considerando aspetos sociodemográficos. Participaram no estudo 213 pessoas com idades entre os 65 e os 96 anos, sendo a média de idades de 75 anos (DP=6.74). Foram utilizados como instrumentos de avaliação, um questionário sociodemográfico, a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica (GDS) (Pocinho, Farate, Dias, Lee, & Yesavage, 2009) e questões diretas para avaliar a solidão (Paúl, Fonseca, Ribeiro, & Teles, 2006). Os resultados indicam que 26.76% (57) dos indivíduos apresentaram sintomatologia depressiva. Verificaram-se diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os géneros, níveis de escolaridade, estados civis e condições de vida dos participantes. Relativamente à experiência de solidão, 12.7% (27) dos indivíduos apresentaram solidão. Foram, também, encontradas associações estatisticamente significativas entre a solidão e o género, e o estado civil e as condições de vida dos participantes. Os resultados revelaram uma associação estatisticamente significativa entre a solidão e a sintomatologia depressiva [χ2(2)=35.315; p<0.001)], constatando-se que 35.1% (20) dos participantes apresentam solidão e sintomatologia depressiva. Este estudo alerta para a importância de se perceber a relação entre a solidão e a depressão para que, no desenho de avaliações e intervenções para a velhice, se otimizem as configurações da rede social da pessoa idosa para uma melhoria da sua saúde e qualidade de vida.


Palavras-chave


Envelhecimento, sintomatologia depressiva, solidão, saúde mental.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1549

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