Perfis de envolvimento relativo do pai e ajustamento social de crianças em jardim-de-infância

Rita Amaral, Lígia Monteiro, Carolina Santos

Resumo


O presente estudo teve como objetivo identificar perfis de envolvimento relativo do pai, em diversas atividades relacionadas com o dia-a-dia da criança (cuidados e socialização), testando posteriormente se existiam diferenças, em função dos mesmos, para o ajustamento social das crianças. Participaram 283 famílias nucleares, com crianças em idade pré-escolar (139 rapazes). Foram identificados dois perfis: Perfil 1 – companheiros de brincadeira e Perfil 2 – cuidadores e companheiros de brincadeira. Os pais no Perfil 2 participavam significativamente mais em todas as atividades analisadas. Encontraram-se, ainda, diferenças em função das habilitações literárias de ambos os cuidadores (mais elevadas no Perfil 2) e das horas de trabalho dos pais (mais elevadas no Perfil 1). Para 94 destas crianças as educadoras descreveram o seu ajustamento social, tendo-se verificado que crianças cujos pais estão mais envolvidos nas atividades de cuidados e de socialização apresentavam valores mais baixos de retraimento social ansioso no grupo de pares. Os resultados sugerem a importância de se considerar quer a mãe, quer o pai, quando se desenham programas de promoção do bem-estar e ajustamento social das crianças.


Palavras-chave


Ajustamento social, Pré-escolar, Envolvimento relativo do pai.

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1553

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