Cheguei primeiro! Autoctonia e nostalgia nacional como mecanismos de redução do preconceito

Nivalda Novo Reis, Rita Guerra

Resumo


Este estudo explorou novos mecanismos através dos quais o modelo da identidade endogrupal comum melhora as atitudes intergrupais (Gaertner & Dovidio, 2000). Especificamente, explorou-se se representações identitárias mais inclusivas de grupo único e de dupla identidade melhoram as atitudes intergrupais, através da redução da nostalgia nacional, da autoctonia e das emoções intergrupais negativas, relativamente a 3 grupos de imigrantes a residir em Portugal (i.e., africanos, brasileiros e ucranianos). Participaram neste estudo 305 participantes de origem portuguesa, que preencheram um questionário com as medidas de interesse. Os resultados revelaram que, tal como esperado, a representação identitária de grupo único esteve associada a atitudes intergrupais mais positivas (i.e., verificou-se uma diminuição da distância social e aumento dos sentimentos positivos), através da redução da autoctonia e das emoções intergrupais negativas. No entanto, contrariamente ao esperado, as representações identitárias inclusivas não estiveram associadas a atitudes positivas, através da redução da nostalgia nacional. Este trabalho mostrou, pela primeira vez, que identidades inclusivas são uma estratégia que pode reduzir a adesão a argumentos autóctones, promovendo assim atitudes mais positivas e uma integração bem-sucedida dos imigrantes que chegam à Europa.

Palavras-chave


Identidades inclusivas, Nostalgia nacional, Autoctonia, Relações intergrupais.

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1411

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